Ford Escort Manual

Condenser (contact breaker system) - testing, removal and refitting
Ignition systems / Condenser (contact breaker system) - testing, removal and refitting


Note: Refer to the precautions given in Section 1 before proceeding.

Testing
1 The purpose of the condenser is to prevent excessive arcing of the contact breaker points, and to ensure that a rapid collapse of the magnetic field, created in the coil, and necessary if a healthy spark is to be produced at the plugs, is allowed to occur.

2 The condenser is fitted in parallel with the contact breaker points. If it becomes faulty it will lead to ignition failure, as the points will be prevented from cleanly interrupting the low tension circuit.

3 If the engine becomes very difficult to start, or begins to miss after several miles of running, and the contact breaker points show signs of excessive burning, then the condition of the condenser must be suspect. A further test can be made by separating the contact breaker points by hand, with the ignition switched on. If this is accompanied by an excessively strong flash, it indicates that the condenser has failed.

4 Without special test equipment, the only reliable way to diagnose condenser trouble is to renew the suspect unit and note if there is any improvement in performance. To do this proceed as follows according to engine type.

Removal
OHV engines
5 Spring back the retaining clips and lift off the distributor cap. Withdraw the rotor arm from the distributor shaft.

6 Accurately mark the position of the distributor body in relation to the clamp plate, then slacken the clamp plate pinch bolt.

7 Turn the distributor body approximately 120° in a clockwise direction to expose the externally mounted condenser (see illustration).

3.7 Distributor turned through 120° for condenser renewal - Bosch
3.7 Distributor turned through 120° for condenser renewal - Bosch distributor, OHV engines

A LT lead connector
B Condenser retaining screw

8 Disconnect the contact breaker points LT lead from the spade terminal, and the ignition LT lead at the coil.

9 Undo the retaining screw and withdraw the condenser from the side of the distributor body.

10 Place the new condenser in position and secure with the retaining screw.

11 Reconnect the LT leads, then turn the distributor back to its original position and align the marks made during removal. Tighten the clamp plate pinch bolt.

CVH engines
12 Spring back the retaining clips or undo the screws as appropriate and lift off the distributor cap.

13 On the Bosch distributor disconnect the contact breaker points LT lead from the spade terminal, undo the retaining screw and withdraw the condenser from the side of the distributor body. Disconnect the ignition LT lead at the coil and remove the condenser (see illustration).

3.13 Bosch distributor condenser renewal - CVH engines
3.13 Bosch distributor condenser renewal - CVH engines

A Condenser retaining screw B LT lead connector

14 On the Lucas distributor ease the contact breaker spring arm out of the plastic insulator and slide the combined LT and condenser lead out of the hooked end of the spring arm.

Undo the condenser retaining screw and earth lead, disconnect the ignition LT lead at the coil, and withdraw the condenser and wiring from the distributor (see illustration).

3.14 Lucas distributor condenser renewal - CVH engines
3.14 Lucas distributor condenser renewal - CVH engines

A Condenser retaining screw B Contact breaker spring arm C Hooked end of spring arm

Refitting OHV engines
15 Refit the rotor arm and distributor cap. If in any doubt about the distributor position, check the ignition timing as described in Chapter 1.

CVH engines
16 On all distributors refitting is the reverse sequence to removal.


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